1. advise = advice
Many English words can be nouns and verbs without a change in spelling. However, some words which end in -ice
when they are nouns end with -ise when they become verbs. For example, practice (noun) = practise (verb)
2. acheive = achieve
A lot of English words use a combination of i and e. The order of these letters can be confusing.
In most words where these letters are pronounced as ee (as in cheese), the i comes before the e (for example, siege,
thief, field, belief, piece) unless the letters are preceded by the letter c (for example, ceiling, conceit, receive, deceive).
However, not all words follow this rule. Exceptions include caffeine, protein, neither, either and seize.
When the letters are pronounced ay (as in hate), the e comes before the i (for example, weigh, veil, neighbour, eight).
There are other words which must be learned individually. These are: foreign, forfeit, height, heir, leisure, their,
3. aquire = acquire
A lot of English words contain silent letters - in other words, a letter which we do not pronounce when we say the
word. There are very few rules to tell you which is which, so you must learn each word individually or use a dictionary
to check the spelling of a word if you are not sure.
Some common examples of silent letters include:
Silent A: February parliament marriage
Silent B: comb bomb womb doubt
Silent C: conscience scene discipline scissors
Silent D: Wednesday handsome
Silent G: campaign design
Silent H: ghost school vehicle rhythm
Silent I: business hygiene nuisance
Silent N: autumn column condemn
Silent T: listen mortgage
Silent U; biscuit colleague (which also has a silent e at the end) guarantee guess
Silent W: answer whole
Silent GH: though thorough weigh height
4. swimming = swimming
We double the last letter of single-syllable words ending with a single vowel and a single consonant when we add a
suffix (e.g., -ing):
swim - swimming run - running dip - dipped
We usually do the same thing if a two-syllable word is stressed on the second syllable:
begin - beginning regret - regrettable prefer - preferring
We do not double the last letter in the following cases:
- when a word ends with w, x or y
- when the suffix begins with a consonant (e.g., bad - badly)
- when a word ends with I and the suffix -ly is added (e.g., playful - playfully)
- when two vowels come before the final consonant (e.g., weep - weeping)
5. thiefs = thieves
Most nouns are regular. This means that we add an s to make them plural (e.g., car - cars). However, some nouns are
irregular - we either do not add an s to the word to make it plural or we add s plus some other letters.
In nouns which end with a consonant and y, the y changes to i and we add s:
party - parties baby - babies worry - worries
In nouns which end with s, sh, tch and x, we add es:
bus - buses dish-dishes watch - watches box - boxes
In some nouns which end in f or fe, we replace the f with a v and add es.
calf-calves half-halves knife-knives life - lives wife - wives
In some words which end with o, we add es.
cargo - cargoes echo - echoes hero - heroes
Some words do not change at all.
fish, deer, sheep
And some words have their own individual rules:
man - men child - children woman - women person - people
6. hopeing = hoping
We drop the e from a word when a suffix which begins with a vowel (e.g., -ing) is added to a word which ends in a
consonant plus a silent e:
hope - hoping tape - taping give - giving immature - immaturity
We also drop the e from a word when a suffix which begins with a vowel is added to a word which ends in a vowel
plus a silent e:
continue - continuity pusrue - pursuing argue - arguable
When a suffix begins with a consonant (e.g., -ment) we do not usually drop the e, although there are some exceptions
(eg., awe - awful, true - truly)
7. happyness = happiness
We change the y to i when it follows a consonant and a suffix is added (e.g., happy - happiness)
We do not usually change the y to i when the y follows a vowel (e.g., play - playful) or when the suffix added is -ing
(e.g., pry - prying)
1. acknowledgment = acknowledgement 2. argueable = arguable 3. benefitting = benefiting
4. busness = business 5. campain = campaign 6. cancelations = cancellations 7. changable = changeable
8. condeming = condemning 9. consientious = conscientious 10. hieght = height 11. managable = manageable
12. decieved = deceived 13. lifes = lives 14. survivers = survivors 15. practice = practise
1.C 2. B 3. B 4.A 5.C 6. C 7. C 8. B 9. C 10. C 11. A