Money and finance answers
1. Profit is money you gain from selling something, which is more than the money you paid for it. Loss is money
you have spent and not got back.
2. Extravagant describes somebody who spends a lot of money. Frugal or economical describes somebody who is
careful with money.
3. A current account is a bank account from which you can take money at any time. A deposit account is a bank
account which pays you interest if you leave money in it for some time (we can also use the expression savings
account or notice account).
4. A loan is money which you borrow to buy something. A mortgage is a special kind of loan used to buy a house
over a period of time.
5. To deposit money is to put money into a bank account To withdraw money is to take money out of a bank
account (deposit can be a noun or a verb. The noun form of withdraw is withdrawal).
6. A wage and a salary are money you receive for doing a job, but a wage is usually paid daily or weekly and a
salary is usually paid monthly.
7. If you are broke, you have no money. It is an informal expression. If you are bankrupt, you are not able to pay
back money you have borrowed. It is a very serious financial situation for somebody to be in.
8. In the UK, shares are one of the many equal parts into which a company's capital is divided. People who buy them
are called shareholders. Stocks are shares which are issued by the government. Dividends are parts of a
company's profits shared out among the shareholders.
9. Income tax is a tax on money earned as wages or salary. Excise duty is a tax on certain goods produced in a
country, such as cigarettes or alcohol.
10. To credit somebody's bank account is to put money into the account. To debit somebody's bank account is to take
money out. In the UK, many people pay for bills etc. using a system called direct debit, where money is taken
directly from their account by the company providing the goods or service.
11. Traditionally a bank is a business organization which keeps money for customers and pays it out on demand or
lends them money, and a building society is more usually associated with saving money or lending people money
to buy houses.
12. A discount is the percentage by which a full price is reduced to a buyer by the seller. A refund is money paid back
when, for example, returning something to a shop (It can also be a verb: to refund)
13. A bargain is something bought more cheaply than usual (the word can have other meanings - check your
dictionary). Something which is overpriced is too expensive. Something which is exorbitant costs much more than
its true value.
14. A worthless object is something which has no value. A priceless object is an extremely valuable object.
15. If you save money, you put it to one side so that you can use it later. If you invest money, you put it into property,
shares etc. so that it will increase in value.
16. Inflation is a state of economy where prices and wages increase. Deflation is a reduction of economic activity.
17. Income is the money you receive. Expenditure is the money you spend.
18. If you lend money, you let someone use your money for a certain period of time. If you borrow money from
someone, you take money for a time, usually paying interest.
1. F 2. I 3. L 4. E 5. J 6. K (the Inland Revenue is a British government department dealing with tax) 7. C 8. H
9. G 10. A 11. B 12. D
1. borrow 2. loan 3. income 4. expenditure 5. overdraft 6, cost of living 7. Inflation 8. economise 9. building
society 10. interest 11. on credit 12. exorbitant 13. save 14. reductions 15. bargain 16. discount 17. invest
18. stocks 19. shares
Other words and expressions which you might find useful include:
Cash / cheque / credit card / statement / overdrawn / receipt / customs / inheritance tax / corporation tax / disability
allowance / social security / currency / rate of exchange / investment /wealthy / debt / upwardly or downwardly mobile
equity / negative equity