The Iberians and the Celts
The oldest human inhabitants probably came to Britain about 250.000 years ago over the landbridge that connected today’s British Isles and the Continent of Europe at that time.
The so-called Iberians reached Britain between 3500 and 3000 BC, probably coming from the Iberian Peninsula. Both the Iberians and the so-called Beaker people (c.2,000 B.C; named after the beaker-shaped pots they made) settled in the south of England.
The Iberians used stone and bone tools and their settlements were based on “henges”, great circles of earth banks and huge standing stones (e.g Stonehenge). The Beaker people brought the knowledge of bronze to Britain
Soon after 700 BC, Celtic tribes began to invade Britain. Between cca.700 and 100 B.C, they settled the whole of Britain. They formed tribal kingdoms that were frequently at war with each other.
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