Roman Britain (55 B.C-5th century A.D)
Britain became a sphere of Roman interest in the 1st century B.C. Julius Ceasar attempted to conquer Britain twice, in 55 and 54 B.C, his main aim being to prevent Britons from providing their kinsmen in today’s France with military aid. But the actual Roman conquest of Britain by Emperor Claudius took place in 43 AD
By 80 AD, the Romans had conquered today’s England, Wales and southern Socotland, but the problems in other parts of their empire made them withdraw behing the so-called Hadrian’s Wall in the first half of the 2nd century.
After crushing the Britons’ resistance, the Romans Romanised the southern areas (i.e they imposed their vivilisation and way of life on native people) northern Britain and Wales were placed under military control and the natives were allowed to carry on with their own way of life. A system of roads was constructed throughout Britain.
Roman rule in Britain declined towards the end of the 4th century as the whole Roman Empire was falling apart. The last Roman legions were withdrawn from Britain in the 5th century.
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